Skip to main content
Home » What's New » 3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

Diabetes-2_640x350

Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor. 

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes? 

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels. 

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Luciana Coscione Dixon as soon as possible.

The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision 

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective. 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss. 

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact L'Optique Optometry in Rochester Hills to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today. 

Dear Patients & Friends,

Per recommendations by the CDC and Governor Whitmer, we have closed the office for routine care for at least the next 2 weeks to help contain the spread of COVID-19. We are still here to support you with any eye emergencies or other vision related problems that can be handled while maintaining safe social distancing practices!

Please call us and leave a message if you have any questions or need assistance. I will review all messages and return your call within 24 hours. Things that we may still be able to assist with during this closure:

👓 Emergency visits (by appointment) for pain, infections, foreign bodies in the eye, double vision, loss of vision. PLEASE do not visit urgent care or the emergency room with these issues-they are already overwhelmed!

👓 We will ship directly to your home! For current patients, we may be able to extend expired contact lens prescriptions if needed. Please click to order directly.

👓 Eyeglasses/contact lens pick up: curbside pickup only by appointment. Porch delivery may also be an option if you are unable to leave your home.

👓 Eyeglass replacement or repair if no other vision correction options are available.

If you are able to, please consider supporting local small business, such as us, during this unprecedented time. My family has been enjoying take out dinners from our favorite local restaurants to help them weather this storm!

Most importantly, please be safe! Enjoy this unexpected time with your family. We care deeply for our patients and want to see you back for your eye care once this crisis is over!

Sincerely,

Dr. Luciana Dixon

x

Dear Patients & Friends,

Per recommendations by the CDC and Governor Whitmer, we have closed the office for routine care for at least the next 3 weeks to help contain the spread of COVID-19. We are still here to support you with any eye emergencies or other vision-related problems that can be handled while maintaining safe social distancing practices! Feel free to call us at 248-656-5055 or info@loptiqueoptometry.com, we will regularly be checking our messages.

Please call us and leave a message if you have any questions or need assistance. I will review all messages and return your call within 24 hours. Things that we may still be able to assist with during this closure:

👓 Emergency visits (by appointment) for pain, infections, foreign bodies in the eye, double vision, loss of vision. PLEASE do not visit urgent care or the emergency room with these issues-they are already overwhelmed!

👓 Ordering contact lenses: We will ship directly to your home! For current patients, we may be able to extend expired contact lens prescriptions if needed. Please click to order directly.

👓 Eyeglasses/contact lens pick up: curbside pickup only by appointment. Porch delivery may also be an option if you are unable to leave your home.

👓 Eyeglass replacement or repair if no other vision correction options are available.

If you are able to, please consider supporting local small business, such as us, during this unprecedented time. My family has been enjoying take out dinners from our favorite local restaurants to help them weather this storm!

Most importantly, please be safe! Enjoy this unexpected time with your family. We care deeply for our patients and want to see you back for your eye care once this crisis is over!

Sincerely,

Dr. Luciana Dixon