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Inside a Life With Color Vision Deficiency

What’s it like to be color blind? Contrary to what the name implies, color blindness usually does not actually mean that you don’t see any color, but rather that you have difficulty perceiving or distinguishing between certain colors. This is why many prefer the term color vision deficiency or CVD to describe the condition. CVD affects men more than women, appearing in approximately 8% of men (1 in 12) and .5% of women (1 in 200) worldwide. 

Having color vision deficiency means that you perceive color in a more limited way than those with normal color vision. This ranges from mild, in which you may not even be aware that you are experiencing color differently, to severe, which is perhaps the more appropriate from to be called "color blind" and involves the inability to see certain colors. 

CVD can be inherited; it is caused by abnormalities in the genes that produce photopigments located in the cone cells in your eyes. The eyes contain different cone cells that fire in response to a specific color, blue, green or red and together allow you to see the depth and range of colors that the normal eye can see. The type of color blindness and therefore the type of color vision that is impaired, is based on which photopigments are abnormal. The most common form of CVD is red-green, followed by blue-yellow. Total color blindness or the complete inability to perceive color is quite rare. About 7% of males have congenital color blindness that they inherit from the mother's X-chromosome. 

Color blindness can also be the result of eye damage, specifically to the optic nerve, or to the area in the brain that processes color. Sometimes an eye disease, such as cataracts, can also impact one’s ability to perceive color. Systemic diseases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis can also cause acquired CVD. 

Living with CVD

Red-green color blindness does not mean only that you can’t tell the difference between red and green, but rather that any color that has some red or green (such as purple, orange, brown, pink, some shades of gray, etc) in it is affected. 

You many not realize all of the ways you use even subtle distinctions in color in your daily life. Here are some examples of ways that CVD can impact your life and make seemingly everyday tasks challenging:

  • You may not be able to cook meat to the desired temperature based on color. 
  • Most of the colors in a box of crayons will be indistinguishable.
  • You may not be able to distinguish between red and green LED displays on electronic devices that indicate power on and off. 
  • You may not be able to tell between a ripe and unripe fruit or vegetable such as bananas (green vs. yellow) or tomatoes (red vs green). 
  • Chocolate sauce, barbecue sauce and ketchup may all look the same. 
  • Bright green vegetables can look unappealing as they appear greenish, brown or grey. 
  • You may not be able to distinguish color coded pie charts or graphs (which can cause difficulty in school or work). 
  • Selecting an outfit that matches can be difficult. 

Knowing that one is color blind is important for some occupations that require good color discrimination such as the police officers, railway workers, pilots, electricians etc.  These are just a few of the ways that CVD can impact one’s daily life. So is there a cure? Not yet. 

While there is no cure for CVD, there is research being done into gene therapies and in the meantime there are corrective devices available including color vision glasses (such as the Enchroma brand) and color filtering contacts that for some can help to enhance color for some people. If you think you might have CVD, your optometrist can perform some tests to diagnose it or rule it out. If you have CVD, you can speak to your eye doctor about options that might be able to help you experience your world in full color. 

Dear Patients & Friends,

Per recommendations by the CDC and Governor Whitmer, we have closed the office for routine care for at least the next 2 weeks to help contain the spread of COVID-19. We are still here to support you with any eye emergencies or other vision related problems that can be handled while maintaining safe social distancing practices!

Please call us and leave a message if you have any questions or need assistance. I will review all messages and return your call within 24 hours. Things that we may still be able to assist with during this closure:

👓 Emergency visits (by appointment) for pain, infections, foreign bodies in the eye, double vision, loss of vision. PLEASE do not visit urgent care or the emergency room with these issues-they are already overwhelmed!

👓 We will ship directly to your home! For current patients, we may be able to extend expired contact lens prescriptions if needed. Please click to order directly.

👓 Eyeglasses/contact lens pick up: curbside pickup only by appointment. Porch delivery may also be an option if you are unable to leave your home.

👓 Eyeglass replacement or repair if no other vision correction options are available.

If you are able to, please consider supporting local small business, such as us, during this unprecedented time. My family has been enjoying take out dinners from our favorite local restaurants to help them weather this storm!

Most importantly, please be safe! Enjoy this unexpected time with your family. We care deeply for our patients and want to see you back for your eye care once this crisis is over!

Sincerely,

Dr. Luciana Dixon

x

Dear Patients & Friends,

Per recommendations by the CDC and Governor Whitmer, we have closed the office for routine care for at least the next 3 weeks to help contain the spread of COVID-19. We are still here to support you with any eye emergencies or other vision-related problems that can be handled while maintaining safe social distancing practices! Feel free to call us at 248-656-5055 or info@loptiqueoptometry.com, we will regularly be checking our messages.

Please call us and leave a message if you have any questions or need assistance. I will review all messages and return your call within 24 hours. Things that we may still be able to assist with during this closure:

👓 Emergency visits (by appointment) for pain, infections, foreign bodies in the eye, double vision, loss of vision. PLEASE do not visit urgent care or the emergency room with these issues-they are already overwhelmed!

👓 Ordering contact lenses: We will ship directly to your home! For current patients, we may be able to extend expired contact lens prescriptions if needed. Please click to order directly.

👓 Eyeglasses/contact lens pick up: curbside pickup only by appointment. Porch delivery may also be an option if you are unable to leave your home.

👓 Eyeglass replacement or repair if no other vision correction options are available.

If you are able to, please consider supporting local small business, such as us, during this unprecedented time. My family has been enjoying take out dinners from our favorite local restaurants to help them weather this storm!

Most importantly, please be safe! Enjoy this unexpected time with your family. We care deeply for our patients and want to see you back for your eye care once this crisis is over!

Sincerely,

Dr. Luciana Dixon